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tv   The Briefing  BBC News  December 5, 2019 5:00am-5:31am GMT

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this is the briefing, i'm ben bland. our top story: france braces itself for severe disruption as the biggest national strike in years begins over pension reforms. legal experts in the trump impeachment inquiry give their verdicts on whether he should be removed from office. if what we're talking about is not impeachable, then nothing is impeachable. i'm concerned about lowering impeachment standards to fit a paucity of evidence and an abundance of anger. how the tiny marine paradise that is the seychelles could be leading the way in saving our precious waters from the ravages of climate change.
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in business, chinese telecoms giant huawei launches a second legal challenge against the us ban, saying there is no evidence it is a national security threat. a warm welcome to the programme, briefing you on all you need to know in global news, business and sport. and you can be part of the conversation. after the row about peloton‘s sexist and dystopian christmas video advert, what is the worst gift you have ever received, and why, and how did you react? let me know. just use the hashtag #bbcthebriefing. commuters in france are struggling to get to work this hour as one of the country's biggest ever nationwide strikes begins. rail services have been severely hit
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and many schools are also closed as unions battle the government over pension reform. it will be a major test for emmanuel macron‘s presidency, as rich preston reports. 90% of high—speed and regional trains will be affected, according to the country's rail operator, meaning problems travelling and commuting for thousands of people. translation: i live outside paris, but work in paris. for many people, it will be really complicated. it is annoying. i hope the strike will not continue. i don't support the protests. commuters have been making alternative plans for getting to work, and with air traffic controllers joining the strike, international travel will also be affected. easyjet says it has cancelled more than 200 flights. business owners are worried the strikes will hit their bottom line.
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translation: i will retire soon, so yes, i think the strike is great, but i don't think it's good to hold it at this time of the year. business is already difficult. we had 19 weeks of yellow vest protests. now, we have strikes. france has seen a series of demonstrations over the last months against president macron‘s planned pension reforms. translation: the government's aim is very clear. to contribute to the impoverishment of the pensioners of tomorrow, who are today the employers who drive the economy of the country. translation: this is a reform that we will fight with all our strengths, because we have already had many attacks against our social conditions. this is the last blow, so we must mobilise now or never. authorities are worried a rally planned for thursday afternoon in paris could turn violent, and say they are prepared.
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translation: we know there'll be a lot of people at the protests, and we know there are risks. we're also aware that black blocs and radical yellow vests have decided to attend the protests in paris, but not only in paris. this new strike has no fixed end date. the difficulties for french people to get to work, to school, and to do business could continue well into next week. our paris correspondent hugh schofield gave us more detail on what lies behind these strikes. what's it all about? well, in a word, pension reform. president macron promised in his manifesto to lead france to a fairer, simpler system, in which everyone is treated the same. right now, there are 42 separate pension systems, and big disparities depending on whether you work for the private sector, the public sector, or one of these privileged special cases like the metro or the railways, where you get
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to retire a lot younger than everyone else. the problem is that, while a lot of people agree with the notion of reform, a lot of people are also very suspicious. they fear they're going to lose out, or they want to hit out at president macron for other reasons, simply because they don't like his so—called neoliberal agenda. that's why the strike is going to be so keenly followed, and why for president macron, it's a key test at the midpoint in his presidency of his capacity to maintain the pace of reform. we will have more on that story in the business briefing a little later. three experts in constitutional law have testified to congress that president trump's actions require him to be removed from office. they were testifying to the housejudiciary committee, which is preparing to draw up articles of impeachment, the formal charges against president trump. but like previous steps in the process, it was all highly partisan, as the bbc‘s nada tawfik
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reports from capitol hill. another historic step in the impeachment inquiry, as it moves to the judiciary committee. a new room, a new set of members and witnesses, and the ultimate question — did president trump commit an impeachable offence? so help you god. four constitutional scholars were called in to give their analysis. three of the legal professors were emphatic that the president had to be held accountable for putting his personal interest in re—election above the nation and its security. professor feldman, did president trump commit the impeachable high crime and misdemeanour of abuse of power, based on that evidence and those findings? based on that evidence and those findings, the president did commit an impeachable abuse of office. professor karlan, same question. same answer. and professor gerhardt. we three are unanimous. in what was always going to be another display of partisan theatre, some of the most direct punches came
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from the witnesses themselves. if what we're talking about is not impeachable, then nothing is impeachable. professor pamela karlan criticised the ranking republican on the committee, and his suggestion that the process had been unfair and devoid of damning evidence. i read transcripts of every one of the witnesses who appeared in the live hearing, because i would not speak about these things without reviewing the facts. so i'm insulted by the suggestion that, as a law professor, i don't care about those facts. professorjonathan turley, the sole witness called by republicans, disagreed. he said there was not a clear case against the president. i'm concerned about lowering impeachment standards to fit a paucity of evidence and an abundance of anger. i believe this impeachment not only fails to satisfy the standard of past impeachments, but would create a dangerous precedent for future impeachments. despite the legal arguments, this is ultimately a political process.
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it is likely democrats will move forward with articles of impeachment, with a full vote in the house as soon as christmas. but, if the president is impeached, then his fate will rest firmly in the hands of his republican allies in the senate. let's brief you on some of the other stories making the news: a shooting at a us military base at pearl harbour in hawaii has left three people dead, including the gunman. the killer, believed to be a sailor, opened fire, shooting dead two people before killing himself. it is thought the victims are us military contractors. one person has been injured. the french government is to open a national hate crime bureau the man who was acquitted of murdering an unarmed black teenager, trayvon martin, in the us state of florida nearly eight years ago is suing the dead boy's family and legal representatives for $100 million. george zimmerman alleges that a fake witness was used to incriminate him, and says his reputation has been destroyed.
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police in australia have made their biggest ever seizure of methamphetamine, with a street value of nearly $us700 million. the drugs were found during raids across melbourne. this video provided by the authorities shows officers standing in front of a big pile of evidence bags containing bricks of the drug. let's turn to our top business story. chinese telecoms giant huawei has launched a new legal challenge against the us. it is appealing a decision last month to stop us mobile phone companies from using government grants to buy its equipment. it follows a similar legal challenge in may against a ban on us government agencies from buying its kit. the us says huawei is a national security threat. huawei says it has never produced any evidence of that. priya lakhani, founder and ceo of century tech, joins me now.
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good to see you. good to see you. so here we have another legal challenge. back in court. back in court by huawei. these legal challenges are starting to build—up. do you think it will make any difference? well, it has been going on for some time. i think we now know it is all a bit of a political issue. donald trump is really sort of flexing his muscles here with, you know, we are not to be purchasing... well, america is not to be purchasing equipment from these very big, massive chinese companies that are absolutely central to the chinese economy. whether it makes a difference or not, we don't know. what has changed, slightly, is that this is obviously about these rural mobile operators not being allowed to use rural government grants from the services fund to purchase equipment from huawei or zte. and i think huawei have mounted these legal
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challenges, the ideas people look at it and think is there a national security threat, no evidence has been produced. huawei can position themselves as really innocent in all of this and therefore they are taking it to court. however, recent other news, i think the public are now changing their perception of how china in general uses data. this sort of arrest by algorithms of parts of the uighur muslim community that we saw last week and i think public perception may change now on how much we can trust these large public companies in china. are they actually very heavily related to the chinese government? because obviously there are allegations that there are. but i think maybe huawei could be losing a battle with public trust. it is interesting, because this week we have seen huawei, or in the last couple of weeks, we have seen huawei announced that it is now able to make a smartphone using no us components. exactly, and china has done this and actually been really smart about how they have grown their entire technology industry, all of their engineers. they initially didn't use any softwa re they initially didn't use any software from these software giants, developed in the us, and obviously
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now developing all of their own parts. when you have these mounting trade wars, you are not really sure whether this is political, whether it is an ip battle, and intellectual property battle of who will be the biggest superpower in this space. it is absolutely smart for them to be starting to build things within their own country. we it there for their own country. we it there for the moment. we will be back to look at the paper is a little later. a row has broken out between germany and russia just before a summit to discuss the peace process in ukraine. chancellor angela merkel has said her government has expelled two russian diplomats because of moscow's failure to help an investigation into the murder in berlin of a former chechen rebel commander. russia has warned that it will retaliate. bill hayton reports. august this year, and german police are investigating a murder in the td garden park in berlin. the victim is a former chechen fighter, shot in the head by a man on an electric b i cycle. the head by a man on an electric bicycle. the alleged assassin was arrested almost immediately, and now
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awaits trial in a german prison. although travelling on a false passport, the german authorities believe him to be russian. the russian embassy is refusing to help, so russian embassy is refusing to help, so germany has expelled two diplomats, believed to be intelligence officers, despite the risk of damaging relations with moscow. translation: in the first instance, we took these measures because we did not see that russia was supporting us in clearing up this matter. we are also, of course, in bilateral contact with our allies. the russian government denies any involvement in the killing. a kremlin spokesman called it absolutely groundless speculation, whipped up the german media. chancellor merkel and president putin are due to meet in paris on monday at a summit to push forward the peace process in ukraine. following prisoner exchanges and troop withdrawals,
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there our hopes for some kind of agreement to end the conflict. but, as these soldiers know, that depends on goodwill between all sides, and thatis on goodwill between all sides, and that is in short supply. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: it has been a bad night for the ‘special one' as he returns to manchester united with tottenham. that and more in our sport briefing. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless, that the childrens are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippie cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles.
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at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover. you're watching the briefing. our headlines: a nationwide strike in france over pension reforms is underway. 90% of high—speed rail services have been cancelled and hundreds of flights grounded. it'll also affect many schools and other services. impeachment proceedings against president trump enter a new phase, with us legal experts arguing over whether there are grounds
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to remove him from office. a new vaccine against typhoid is being described as a "game—changer" which could prevent thousands of deaths. in pakistan, nine million children are being immunised after a major outbreak of typhoid — which is resistant to nearly every antiobiotic. our medical correspondent fergus walsh reports. safe and effective, this new typhoid vaccine is urgently needed in pakistan. schoolchildren in karachi are among millions of youngsters there being immunised. they need protecting because, once infected with typhoid here, there is only one antibiotic left that works, and if that fails, death rates would soar. typhoid is a highly contagious bacterial disease which infects up to 20 million people worldwide each year. it is largely a disease of poverty, spread through poor sanitation and dirty drinking water.
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symptoms include prolonged fever, abdominal pain and diarrhoea. it causes up to 160,000 deaths every year. a major trial of the new vaccine in nepal cut cases by more than 80%. the same success is hoped for in pakistan. crucially, it is the first typhoid vaccine which can be given to babies from nine months of age. the new typhoid vaccine was developed by scientists in oxford over the course of more than a decade. we filmed the first trials there, six years ago. after being immunised, these healthy volunteers had to drink a solution of typhoid bacteria, a vital test of the vaccine's effectiveness. that selflessness is now saving lives. typhoid only infects humans, so the ambition in the very long term would be to try to eradicate the disease, which has been causing
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death and misery for thousands of years. fergus walsh, bbc news. here's our briefing on some of the key events happening later. at 9:00 gmt russian prime minister dmitry medvedev will sum up the year in his annual interview as he addresses the nation on tv. at 13:00, the annual un climate conference will resume in madrid — it's trying to get tougher committments on fighting global heating. and later on this evening in washington, president trump will light the national christmas tree. now it's time to get all the latest from the bbc sports centre. hello i'm chetan pathak here with thursday's sport briefing liverpool maintained their 8 point lead at the top of the english premier league with a 5—2 win over their neighbours everton in the merseyside derby. divock 0rigi scored twice
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asjurgen klopp rested mo salah and roberto firmino at the start, xherdan shaqiri, back in the side, also got a goal as did sadio mane as liverpool made it 14 wins out out of 15. scored wonderful goals, unbelievable goals, sensational passes. super pieces of all and i love that a lot. 4-1, 3-1 pieces of all and i love that a lot. 4—1, 3—1 not too good but 0k. 4—1, brilliant. 4—2, absolutely not cool, there were three minutes and two minutes were already off the clock, so minutes were already off the clock, so scored a wonderful fifth goal. all good. jose mourinho's unbeaten start as the new tottenham coach has come to an end, as his former side manchester united took all three points on his return to old trafford. marcus rashford scored both of united's goals including the winner from the penalty spot. delle alle had brought tottenham level but they were second best on the night losing 2—1. rugby australia and their former
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player israel folau have come to a settlement in his case for unfair dismissal. the winger who's played both rugby league and union started legal action after he was sacked in may for writing anti—gay posts on social media. he argued that the termination of his contract was a case of religious discrimination. the details of the settlement remain private. freddie ljungberg will be in charge for his first home game when arsenal take on brighton on thursday he's the interim head coach following unai emery‘s sacking, and oversaw a 2—2 draw at norwich in his first game in charge at the weekend. of course it is going to be a proud moment, i thought the other day, when i thought they had made my debut for a national team, made made debut for a national team, made made debut here, and making my debut as a manager at norwich as properly one
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of the most private moments i've ever had. and they say one of the best ways to explore a city is on a bike, especially if you're in a rush. and this guy was literally flying. he's austrian mountainbiker fabio wibmer taking in the sights of paris and lyon like only he can. this is why he's the 2016 austrian mountainbike downhill champion. that's one way of taking the stairs! let's just watch a little bit more, because how he is going to come over that, lands, and you think he might hit the car and swerves away in time, incredible stuff! you can get all the latest sports news at our website, that's bbc.com/sport. but from me chetan pathak and the rest of the team, that is your thursday sport briefing. don't know about you, but that is how i cycle to work everyday.
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more now on the climate crisis. four years ago, the government of the seychelles did a deal. in exchange for 5% of its national debt being cancelled, it agreed to protect and repair its marine environment. a group called the nature conservancy took on $21 million of the seychelles' debt, and in return the country passed a law to protect a third of its waters by 2020. so could this be a model for other island nations? the bbc‘s catherine byaruhanga has been finding out. soldiers who work with the seychelles coastguard, carry out a training exercise ahead of the new marine protection plans. they have ordered a would—be illegal vessel to arrest the crew. at the moment, the seychelles forces are focused on protecting the national waters, usually from illegalfishermen protecting the national waters, usually from illegal fishermen from foreign countries stopping 99% of this country is water. monitoring it
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is tough for its tiny population. with a vast area, it takes us a while to get from one place to the other, so the vessel targeting the illegal activities can give them time to flee. what is happening on the oceans here is only going to get harder. by 2021, nearly one third of the seychelles waters will become marine reserves, with restrictions on human activity. it is part of a groundbreaking deal between the government and the environmentalist group the nature conservancy. they provided over $20 million that allowed the seychelles to pay off parts of its national debt and offered better repayment terms on the new loan on the proviso that the money saved is spent protecting the ocean. we are small, we don't have that much resources... if the
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seychelles are successful, other countries may soon strike similar deals. we want to lead by example, the resources and small island countries are not always available for conservation, so we're looking at ways to raise financing, to support the environment, nature, and everything. fishing is a major source of income here, and restrictions on the industry will be painful. but some understand they are necessary. these fishermen have started a project in which they will voluntarily stop trap fishing in their local bay for six months while they monitor the size of their shrinking catch. it is funded by money from the debt deal. if, as fishermen, we do not take responsibility for our fish stock, who is going to do it? if we don't start somewhere, then in the future we are going to be very hard pressed
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to find fish to feed our children. but not everyone is fully on—board with the plans. what has happened is simply to be a publicity stunt. sacrifices should not only come from the fishermen. it will be tricky balancing people's livelihoods and what is best for the environment. stay with me here on bbc news, i will be back with the business briefing injust a will be back with the business briefing in just a few moments. we will have more on the strikes in france, and just to bring you another line, eurostar has cancelled nearly 90 of its trade services over the next six days. their timetable is showing disruption through to next tuesday. that is the high—speed rail services, 90% of them being cancelled in france and many schools
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shut as well. we will have plenty more on that in the business briefing. see you soon. we have some murky weather around at the moment, dense patches of fog for some of us the fog tending to be to the south—east of the weather front but looking at the stream we have the next area of low pressure waiting to move in later today to bring some wet and windy weather to the north—west of the uk. for the time being we have showers here with brisk south—westerly wind. worth taking the umbrella with you. and we have murky conditions in the south particularly around the thames valley where we have seen dense fog at heathrow and along stretches of the m25. there is freezing fog we have across the south with temperatures well below freezing in places. it means that some fog patches may loiter into the first part of thursday morning, bringing poor travelling conditions.
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elsewhere, we have the rain that is quickly spreading in through thursday morning across northern ireland and scotland, and eventually the rain will move in for a time across the north of england and wales. the heaviest and most persistent rain targets the western side of the highlands where we look at around 70 or 80 millimetres of rain, enough to cause localised surface water flooding. after that murky start in the south—east it should brighten up for a number of us with some spells of sunshine and it will be relatively mild despite the brisk wind. through thursday night, the rain pushes southwards, south—westerly wind, cloudy skies, mild night with temperatures for many of us staying in double figures and barely budging through the day on friday. on friday there weather forecast in detail, the wind initially with us brings outbreaks of rain and mild conditions. later in the day the rain transitions to showers and we have
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cool north—westerly wind blowing in from the north—west. that will drop temperatures across northern areas. but still mild for much of england and wales with temperatures typically around 11 or 12 celsius. the weekend weather prospects, initially we have original high—pressure and then some heavy rain moves through, most of that on saturday night and as for sunday we are looking at further bands of showers crossing the country full saturday looks like being the better of the two days of the weekend, sunday and probably rain at times. that is the weather, goodbye for now.
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this is the business briefing. i'm ben bland. no actual you a decision based on, quote: ‘politics not security'. chinese telecoms giant huawei launches a second legal challenge against the us ban — saying there's no evidence it's a national security threat. plus — when $1.7 trillion is not enough. aramco heads for the biggest stock market listing in history but the saudi government had far higher hopes. and on the markets, asian shares edge higher on hopes the us and china could be on track to sign a preliminary trade deal.

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